ALLAH IS THE CREATOR
The first obligation on the mukallaf person is to know about Allah, ta^ala. Allah is the Creator of all the existent things and is the One Who manages all the creation. If, with our sound mind, we carefully think about all the creations and ponder about their existence, we must know that they have a Creator Who created them.
A story of a man who denied the existence of Allah:
It is related that a man who denied the existence of the Creator came once to one of the caliphs and told him: “The scholars of your time say that there is a creator for this universe, and I am prepared to prove to them that this universe has no creator.”
The caliph sent for one of the top scholars telling him of the man’s claim and ordering him to come. The scholar was purposely late; then he came. The caliph welcomed him and seated him in the center of the session. Present at this meeting were many scholars and important people. So the man said: “Why were you late in your arrival?” The scholar said: “What if I tell you that a very strange matter occurred to me, and because of it I was late? My house is behind the river of Dijlah (Tigris). I came to cross the river, but I did not find anything other than an old boat with broken planks. When my gaze fell onto it, the planks moved, came together, and reassembled so that the boat became seaworthy. All this happened without the work of a carpenter or a worker. I sat in it, crossed the river, and came to this place.”
The man said: “O people, listen to what your scholar says. Have you heard anything more absurd than this? How can a boat exist without a carpenter to build it? This is an explicit lie.”
The scholar said: “O blasphemer, if the mind does not accept the existence of a boat without a builder or carpenter, then how do you say that this entire universe exists without a creator?” The man became silent. He was refuted. The caliph punished him because of his bad beliefs.